Price Elasticity: How vulnerable is your product in the market?

Product Pricing

What elements do we consider when selecting a product’s price? Is it entirely dependent on customer demand? Firms & marketers are constantly striving to unfold the relationship between sales demand and price fluctuation to find a pricing point that is best for their products. Let us look at price elasticity to reveal the facts behind this relationship.

What is Price Elasticity?

Price elasticity of demand (PED) is an economic measure representing the responsiveness, or elasticity, of the quantity demanded to the change in the price of a product or service. To simplify, it is the ratio of percentage change in quantity demanded of a product in response to the percent change in its price.

Most markets are sensitive to the price of a product or service, the cheaper the product higher the demand, and vice versa. While this need not be true for all products and services, price elasticity as a quantifiable phenomenon shows precisely how sensitive customer demand can be for a product price. For starters, let us look at questions professionals in marketing try to answer when determining the elasticity of their products:

  • How much more can you sell by lowing the product price?
  • How will the rise in the price of one product affect sales of the other products?
  • How will a decrease in the market price of a product affect the volume of production & market supply?

What Is Price Elasticity of Demand & Supply?

Let’s look at Coca-Cola to try and understand these concepts. Assuming that a bottle of Coca-Cola regularly costs $1, if the price surges to $2, it will likely result in a dip in demand as most people would consider it expensive. On the other hand, if you drop its price to 10¢, you will notice a significant rise in its demand.

Price elasticity springs from the fundamental economic law of supply and demand:

  • Cheaper the product, the higher the demand
  • And the more expensive a product becomes, the lower the demand

How likely is Sales Demand to Change When Price Changes?

Price elasticities are usually negative; when our price decreases, our sales demand increases. It makes sense, doesn’t it? However, positive price elasticities are found in rare cases where products do not conform to the law of demand. 

Yes, these case scenarios happen when we have Veblen goods. Veblen goods are typically high-quality, exclusive, and a status symbol. Example – Louis Vuitton

What will the Price vs Consumer Demand Curve Look Like?

The chart above shows that a 33% increase in price point decreases consumer demand by a million, whereas demand doubles if we drop it by 50%.

Mathematical formula to calculate the price elasticity –

Price elasticity (E) is the percentage change of an economic outcome (which is generally the number of units sold) in response to a 1% change in its price:


% Change in Quantity Demanded = (New Quantity – Old Quantity)/Average Quantity,

% Change in Price (P) = (New Price – Old Price)/Average Price

For example, let’s say that a clothing company raised the price of a coat from $100 to $120, and the 20% increase in price caused a 10 % decrease in the quantity sold from 1,000 coats to 900 coats. Formulating these numbers gives you a price elasticity of demand which is 0.5, as mentioned below:

-.10 / -20 = -0.5 or 0.5

Types of Price Elasticity

  1. Perfectly elastic: Minimal change in price results in a substantial change in the quantity demanded
  2. Relatively elastic: Minor changes in price cause a tremendous change in quantity demanded (E > 1)
  3. Unit elastic: Any change in price is matched by an equal change in quantity (E =1)
  4. Relatively inelastic: Substantial change in price causes minor changes in demand (E < 1). Gasoline is a good example. As an essential commodity, demand stays relatively the same even with an increase in its price.
  5. Perfectly inelastic: Quantity demanded does not change even with a price change. There is no elasticity of demand or supply for these products. Perfect inelasticity happens with products or services where the consumers do not have any other substitute goods. For example, food, medication, etc.

Factors of Price Elasticity:

  1. Purchase probability: The likelihood of a customer purchasing a product from a particular category. For instance, in the case of beer, where there may be various brands with differing prices from the same product category, purchase probability determines how likely a customer will buy one brand instead of the other. Assuming we can compute the aggregate price of a category and according to the rule of demand, the higher the price, the lesser the demand, and the likelihood of purchasing beer decreases with the aggregate rise in its price. Calculating the price elasticity reveals this change in demand.
  2. Brand choice probability: Brand choice probability defines the customer’s choice. If you work for Oreo, you are more likely to be concerned with Oreo’s brand compared to the overall biscuit sales. That is why marketers focus on persuading clients to select their brand over their competitors. When the cost of a product from a brand increase, the chance of purchasing that brand decreases.
  3. Purchase quantity: Purchase quantity represents a customer’s expected purchase.

Analytical Model Implementation

We understand the business context of price elasticity and how important it is for every business to maintain a healthy financial sheet. The following operational question is how to solve / implement it. We have used Linear regression, either the Ordinary Least Square (OLS) or Recursive Least Squares (RLS) method, to predict quantity from the price change over time for any specific product.

Linear Regression Equation:


β is the beta coefficient (slope). Generally, beta is negative with respect to quantity sold, except for few exceptions where it can be positive.

Multivariate Linear Regression:

If additional supporting factors are directly linked with sales, we may utilize them in multivariate linear regression alongside the price variable. 

Price Elasticity Score:

To get the elasticity value of a product, we need to use equation #1 from above:

As price & unit have a linear relationship, beta (dy/dx) will remain constant. Hence, we can use the average value of price & units to get the elasticity score.

Business Application:

Once ready with the price elasticity model, the next step is to apply the business learning to reveal a product’s sensitivity in the market

The above chart shows that the Samsung-65 Class LED TV with a negative price elasticity of -17.68 will have 170.6% more demand with a 10% drop in its price or lose 170.6% of its sales demand with a 10% rise in price.

Whereas the Sony XBR-X850E-Series 75-Class TV with a positive price elasticity of 7.19 will notice a 71.2% drop in its sales demand with a 10% price reduction and a 71.2% boost in sales demand with a 10% increase in its price.

What Next?

New problems arise the moment you solve a business problem. For instance, what is next? Or is there a better approach? What can we do additionally to improve the implemented solution? The case is the same for price elasticity models. We see that changing the price of a product affects its sales. But what happens with a change in the price of a competitor’s products? The phenomenon that causes a shift in demand for one product from a change in the price of competing products is known as Cross-Price Elasticity. But more on that in the next blog!


Ex-Normal Vs. New Normal: Is Boundaryless Work The Future of Work Culture?

After almost two years of state-imposed lockdowns, it is nice to see children back in school again. Roads and trains are congested again. Markets and movie theatres, restaurants, and pubs report a surge in footfalls. Evenings outside the four walls of a home are back again, with masks, of course – they’re the new dress code.

So does that mean it’s only a matter of time before offices open and we go about business as usual? Not entirely, a recent survey from LiveCareer claims that 81% of employees today enjoy working remotely. While most people might think that the future of work will host hologram meetings or have robots who cook fancy office meals, the future workspace boils down to the basics – empowering employees with the freedom & flexibility to work from anywhere convenient.

Vaccines are a New Lease on Life

The global medical and health fraternity and frontline workers operated through the pandemic to fight the invisible enemy. Scientists worked round the clock to identify the deadly virus, conducted methodical clinical trials, achieved regulatory approvals from nodal bodies, and manufactured vaccines in record time.

Today, more than 11.4 billion doses have been administered in 184 countries. And this global drive has been successful in controlling the spread of the virus and the severe illness by building immunity. The positive results of the worldwide vaccine drive were visible during the Omicron surge. The vaccine with a booster dose reduced the chance of hospitalization and death by more than 90% and made the virus less fatal.

After 6,210,719 deaths, according to the WHO dashboard as of 22nd April 2022, and two challenging years later, the vaccine drive gives us hope that ‘normal’ is not lost forever. But can we say the same about our work life?

Remote work is not a new trend. What was a slow drift for p.c. users who worked off-site & after hours simply accelerated with the pandemic, forcing remote work as a large-scale trend that is here to stay. But how did the perception of workspace change over the last two years, and where is this trend going?

Benefits of Working from Home/Anywhere

There is no denying that the boundaryless work culture is gaining momentum. In contrast to spending time, money and energy being stuck in traffic with reckless drivers, the popular choice leans in the favor of serene waterfront open-rooftops or working from beach cafés that offer beautiful sunsets. Below are some other benefits that entice employees to make the most of work beyond boundaries:

Firms are replacing vertical hierarchies with horizontal networks due to rapidly changing market conditions and global competition. Thanks to connectivity, brought to you by the advancements in modern technology, more and more employees report that working from a place of their comfort has positively affected their work-life balance with a higher sense of security. In addition to acquiring new career-related skills, people now better understand expectations, inducing clarity & collaboration.

“Tier 2 & Tier 3 cities are benefitting with an increase in the talent pool and decreasing the dependency on Metro & Tier 1 cities.”

Working from offices was once the norm in the workplace. As a result, the talents of Metro and Tier 1 cities benefited more than the talents in Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities. The pandemic has resulted in a cultural shift in the workplace. Thanks to technology advancements, talent can now be identified and hired from anywhere. This is why most companies across India are now putting a greater emphasis on talent and hybrid working practices.

Work-from-home, work-from-anywhere, and remote work are widely adopted hybrid working styles that have enhanced productivity while allowing skilled employees to work effectively with a greater comfort level. Talents no longer need to be away from their families for work in Metro or Tier 1 cities. They can set up their workplace in their hometown (in tier 2 and tier 3 cities) and work from anywhere.

The Future of Work in the New Normal

The pandemic has made revolutionary changes in the working style of the business world. Individuals are now better equipped to work and collaborate remotely. Digital technology has transcended age and generation at the workplace and is now everyone’s best friend.

Businesses are rethinking the changes and reorienting working models for the future of work. The culture of remote work and the hybrid work model will continue as uncertainty looms in the coming months.

When asked if employees would like to return to the office, most responded by saying that they want their employers to let them work in a remote capacity indefinitely, even after the pandemic is over. Nearly 30 % of the respondents go as far as to say that they would quit their jobs if they were not allowed to continue working remotely.

The remote working model suits knowledge workers as they have demonstrated that they can be trusted to deliver from anywhere. These emerging work models also serve the startup and SME employers as their office infrastructure costs decrease substantially.

However, several large enterprises and corporate houses have slight apprehensions about remote working as they feel that the company’s culture may be at stake if their entire workforce is remote. Considering the sentiments across the industry, hybrid models will be the way to go, at least in the coming months.

Summing Up

The pandemic disrupted business and labor markets globally in 2020. The short-term consequences were severe as millions lost jobs and a global workforce adjusted to working from home. Two years down the line, the virus finally shows signs of moving to endemicity in a few parts of the world.

The good news is that offices have opened, retail, malls and F&B outlets are functioning, and transportation services are making a comeback. Travel in the international sector continues to be restricted. At the same time, employees worldwide have realized that spending a few days in the office aids in better collaboration and boundaries between work and life.

Life, to a great extent, is back on track. But business will take more time to reach the normal state of affairs. If LinkedIn is anything to go by, the global workforce is celebrating a hybrid work model committed by the likes of Google. And as uncertainty lurks around the onset of the next pandemic wave, embracing a boundaryless work culture might be more practical. We may not be returning to the old normal soon, but the new normal certainly awaits us.

What is AIOps? & Why do Businesses Fail to Take Full Advantage of AIOps Capabilities?

Building responsible technology has become a top priority for enterprises across industries as understanding and scrutiny of the challenges connected with AI have grown. Responsible AI evolves from a “best practice” to the “high-level principles” and guidelines required to drive system-level change, building trust around the business world. Regulators are taking notice, also advocating for regulatory frameworks surrounding AI that include enhanced data protection, governance, and reporting standards.

Can AIOps Help Your Business?

The current business environment across industries is changing rapidly, causing software and systems to grow more complicated. Cross-functional teams; are expected to generate solutions more quickly and efficiently in these circumstances. Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) and Network Operation Center (NOC) teams in the DevOps setup; are continuously flooded with a mountain of data. At the same time, these teams are increasingly under pressure to handle many dashboards, frequent alerts, and signals from multiple tools, making it harder to identify the root cause of problems/instances. AIOps as a solution; assists these teams in finding solutions to the problems more quickly and effectively, allowing them to focus more on creative work and the software development process.

Businesses are intrigued to start investing/buying an AIOps solution in order to transform their business. But factually, many business leaders and technologists fail to understand that success with AIOps lies within the right preparation and not just limited to the technology adoption.

Resilient. Agile. Ease. – “Shift Left” makes it hassle-free for SRE and NOC teams in DevOps setup

Enhancing the application development lifecycle is a potential use case for AIOps. Applications are constantly changing as a result of digital transformation, with new iterations frequently surfacing each day. A domain-agnostic solution can be “Shift Left” in the lifecycle to provide observability and control to Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) and Network Operations Center (NOC) teams in DevOps set up that were previously available to ITOM and ITSM teams.

Why are businesses failing to take full advantage of AIOps capabilities?

Before discussing the bottlenecks of businesses implementing AIOps, let’s understand AIOps in a nutshell…! 

What is AIOps?

– According to Gartner, “AIOps combines Big Data and Machine Learning to automate IT operations processes, including event correlation, anomaly detection, and causality determination.”

It defines artificial intelligence in IT operations and workflow. It refers to the strategic application of AI, Machine Learning (ML), and Machine Reasoning (MR) technologies across IT operations to simplify, streamline, and optimize the use of IT resources.

In a nutshell – AIOps is designed to address the growing challenges of complex IT infrastructures and help organizations make the transition to a better, more efficient future. AIOps can be used to improve IT productivity and reduce costs, automate repetitive tasks, create a more predictive environment by collecting data from multiple sources and analyzing it using ML/MR technologies, reduce time-to-market for new innovations, etc.

Supporting this fact are the other key findings that say –

  • 53% of AI adopters mentioned “lack of transparency” as one of their significant bottlenecks
  • 54% of respondents expressed concerns about making bad decisions based on AI recommendations
  • 55% of respondents worried about the liability for decisions and actions taken by AI systems

And the reason they fail to implement or take full advantage of AIOps!

Challenges: Top 5 Reasons why AIOps implantation Could Fail 

  1. Incompatibility with existing tools: Is it feasible for your software systems to communicate data in an efficient way? In order to provide valuable insights, an AIOps-based analytics platform will need data from other software systems. The failure of your AIOps transformation could be due to interoperability with existing software platforms. 

    If current software systems prevent you from collaborating with other products or systems, it’s time to think about an IT transformation. Let’s assume you are using a digital service desk AI software to generate the tickets, and your current legacy tools fail to process the request. It will land you in trouble. Thus, make sure that the tickets generated by the services desk are forwarded to your legacy tools for analysis. If your existing devices are compatible with an AIOps based analytics platform, it will automatically process the events/instances from the service desk and generate actionable insights.
  2. Lack of awareness to identify problem areas: You aren’t undergoing AIOps transformation simply to implement cutting-edge technology. The primary objective of employing AI in operations management services is to boost the productivity of your IT operations. Apart from keeping up with the current AI trends, it would help to concentrate on the areas where an AIOps transformation is required. 

    Some of your IT operations may be efficient enough that you don’t need the help of an AIOps-based analytics platform. Adopting AIOps can be costly; thus, it’s best to identify the major bottlenecks that reduce the ROI (Return on Investment). Even the best AIOps tools and products have specific use cases and cannot assist you with a problem right away.
  3. Outdated strategies to train data: In order to achieve scalable results, you need to feed the AIOps-based analytics platform training data. Data serves as fuel for AI/ML algorithms, allowing them to learn about IT processes. Organizations fail to provide training data to AIOps-based analytics platforms, resulting in AIOps transformation failure. 

    Even matured businesses fail to provide AI/ML algorithms with sufficient training data to improve their performance. Your AIOps-based analytics platform will not deliver relevant insights if your training data is cluttered and contains many outliers. The organization data is constantly fragmented across many software platforms and is unstructured. AIOps-based analytics tools cannot perform to their full potential without a comprehensive view of the organization’s data.
  4. Lack of performance metrics understanding: How would you know if something is wrong with your AIOps transformation? One option is to wait and see how the attempted AIOps transformation impacts your ROI. Another method for determining the value of AIOps adoption is to use performance metrics. If you discover inefficient AI DevOps platform management services in a timely manner, you may be able to do transition to an alternative transformation plan. The following are some of the KPIs that can help in measuring the impact of AIOps transformation:
    • MTTD (Mean Time to Detect): It refers to the amount of time spent investigating an IT incident. The MTTD should decrease if AI is used for application monitoring.
    • MTTR (Mean Time to Detect): It signifies the amount of time it takes to resolve an IT issue. The use of AI in operations management services should always result in a considerable reduction in MTTR.
    • Service availability: AIOps systems will constantly improve the availability and reliability of your services. If the availability of your services isn’t improving, it’s time to modify your AIOps strategy.
  5. Reluctant or inability to adapt to the changing IT culture: You need to understand that AIOps adoption is not just limited to technological changes; it will dramatically change your IT culture. For instance, it would be difficult for your cross-functional teams to trust the decisions suggested by AI data analytics monitoring tools. So, understanding its capabilities and how it works is crucial for the teams involved in the process. You need to conduct the workshops and training sessions to educate them in a timely manner. In this regard, reskilling and upskilling the respective teams could give you faster results denoting cultural shift the way teams think and work for an organizational goal. On the other hand, you can leverage open-source AI/ML tools that can be tailored to match your current IT culture.

How to overcome challenges in AIOps implementation?

  • Observe: Get started with real-time big data processing by identifying and collecting incidents/logs/alerts/request raised/event history from all underlying systems (application, network, infrastructure, etc.). 
  • Think: Machine learning/deep learning techniques can be used to enable AI-based insights and recommendations. Start with AI-based insights, such as noise reduction through event de-duplication and grouping and real-time anomaly detection. Event correlation for causal analysis, automated RCA, application failure prediction, and change impact analysis are some of the more advanced use cases you can consider in the process.
  • React: RPA, ITPA, scripts, and orchestrators can be used to initiate auto-heal/self-remediation operations. You need to have an experienced team or train them to manage the workflows using these methodologies.
  • Learn: Allow AI-based learning to learn from previous incidents from both successful/failed attempts made in the process and use it to predict future outcomes to plan your next attempt. This approach is paramount to understanding your challenges in every possible way and learning how to overcome them strategically.

AIOps Market Report & Recommendations 

One of the critical factors driving market growth of AIOps is the growing demand for automation across industry verticals, such as banking, financial services, BFSI, healthcare, automation, IT, and logistics.

Businesses use AIOps to prevent and control security breaches by monitoring the activities and transactions of employees, customers, and external agencies. In accordance with this, the Covid-19 influence has resulted in widespread enterprise adoption of the work-from-home (WFH) trend, which is considerably contributing to market growth. When working remotely, AIOps is applied to improve information security and many other operational workflows effectively.

Various technological breakthroughs in cloud-computing solutions are also contributing to the AIOps growth. Businesses across industries are using cloud-based solutions for major business applications, performance, network, and security management that are gaining popularity at pace. AIOps also contributes to improving the overall efficiency of the infrastructure for service delivery with less manual efforts. In other words, considering the relentless improvements in the IT infrastructure, specifically in boosting the economies with extensive research and R&D initiatives, are expected to propel the market growth.

“There is no future of IT operations that does not include AIOps. This is due to the rapid growth in data volumes and pace of change (exemplified by rate of application delivery and event-driven business models) that cannot wait on humans to derive insights.”

~ Gartner

AIOps Market Size, Share and Trends – Industry Forecast 2022 to 2027

“The global AIOps market is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 21.2% during 2022-2027”

The past and current aftermath COVID-19 outbreak has given the AIOps market a significant boost. As AI-based IT operating solutions become more common, the industry has accelerated significantly, allowing businesses to reduce workflow and resource effort; allowing to focus more on innovation. During the pandemic, AIOps provided various benefits to businesses, including automating monotonous processes, delivering meaningful reporting, and improving risk management. As a result of these efforts, the industry’s post-COVID-19 repercussions have increased drastically.

 AIOps Market Size, Share and Trends

What are the AIOps trends in the U.S, Singapore & Germany? Where its market stands in these regions? 

Domain-agnostic tools is the next big thing in the U.S region 

In the United States, the domain-agnostic segment is expected to produce roughly USD 500 million in revenue by 2023. These solutions primarily rely on monitoring tools to collect data and respond to changing customer prerequisites. AIOps platforms are being used by businesses across the U.S to compete with and replace several traditional monitoring tools in practice. IaaS and observability monitoring is being done comprehensively within AIOps platforms, specifically if the company’s whole IT infrastructure is in the cloud.

AIOps trends and Market size in the U.S

AI-based solutions to assist DevOps capabilities is gaining popularity in Singapore

The SME segment in Singapore is expected to grow at a 30% CAGR through 2027. It has been observed that SMEs are increasingly turning to AI-based IT operations tools to improve service quality and respond to changing customer needs in a more flexible manner. In contrast to this observation, below graph illustrates the enterprises vs. SMEs AIOps scenario in 2020 and its growth prediction in 2027. 

Enterprises vs. SMEs – AIOps trends and Market size in Singapore

Real-time analytics and Infrastructure management are the driving force in Germany 

In 2020, the real-time analytics segment in Germany amassed 35% market share followed by other segments such as application performance management, network and security management, and infrastructure management. Since then, AI is increasingly being used by businesses around the country to make insightful decisions rather than depending on human interventions, and to empower IT teams to take immediate action. The below graph denotes, by the year 2027 real-time analytics and infrastructure management sharing the equal market share.

AIOps trends, applications and market size in the U.S

BFSI sector is expected to boost the AIOps market growth

The rapid growth and requirement of AIOps applications in the BFSI sector is one of the primary factors for the global AIOps market’s rise. As part of banking operations, employees, clients, and external agencies engage in a variety of regular and irregular activities and transactions. These operations must be closely monitored due to their complexity and confrontations. Considering these developments, AIOps is expected to boost market growth in 2022 and ahead while offering wide verity of applications to monitor real-time data and automated issue resolution.

Top 4 considerations for I&O leaders for successful AIOps implementation 

I&O leaders must help their organizations become more agile and responsive to the needs of business units. The right operations services, such as monitoring and metrics, can help you continuously improve your systems’ performance and responsiveness. It should start with focusing on the development of a “change engine” within the organization, using automation to reduce manual tasks, errors and inconsistencies and leveraging technology to meet compliance requirements. Thus, these I&O leaders should focus on:

  • Invest and use an incremental strategy to replace rule-based event analytics and expand into domain-centric workflows like application and network diagnostics, putting practical outcomes ahead of ambitious goals
  • Allow the use case to define whether AIOps should be domain-centric or domain-agnostic. To start with use specialized use case, leverage domain-centric AIOps features built into a monitoring tool, and deploy a domain-agnostic stand-alone solution with a roadmap encompassing multiple use cases
  • You need to select an AIOps platform that offers bidirectional interaction with ITSM tools to enable task automation, knowledge management, and change analysis. Ensure you’re not choosing the tools that are limited to basic search-and-display functionality
  • Enable continuous insights across ITOM by following the methodology of observe, think, react and learn which is discussed in the earlier section of this article

Summing Up!

AIOps will result in a sweeping change in how AI-driven IT operations are managed. Even though the primary objective for AIOps adoption is to address operational issues arising from a highly complicated IT ecosystem and keep up with a fast-paced business environment, the ability of humans to understand and trust its insights, decisions, recommendations, and predictions will be extremely crucial.

5 Key Factors in Industry 4.0: The Game Changer for Manufacturers in 2022

The 4th industrial revolution ushers every Industry into immense transformations, with enormous advantages and implementation challenges. The goal of Industry 4.0 is to integrate physical and digital technologies into a cyber-physical system (CPS) that reflects the digital world in the physical world and vice versa; in addition to that, it also enhances the customer experience. For organizations, implementing Industry 4.0 is a daunting challenge. The process starts with understanding the existing workflow of the business, identifying the bottlenecks, and selecting the right technologies to overcome the workflow and business problems. In order to make this process simpler, our research team and industry experts suggested 5-key factors that help organizations implement Industry 4.0 with fewer complications and faster success.

5 Key Factors- Effective ways to implement Industry 4.0 in your organization

There are numerous factors that organizations ought to consider in order to embrace Industry 4.0 successfully. However, here are the five most essential factors that help shape Industry 4.0 at its core and make the implementation process hassle-free. When integrated, each of these pieces create a capability that can help in bringing transformation.

1. Identifying and Implementing Right Technologies

Customer-centric technologies have enabled OT IT Convergence, highly recommended to manufacturers, mandating them to integrate their IT (Information Technology) and OT (Operational Technology) and transform real-time data into actionable intelligence. Enterprise information technology must securely collect data from OT equipment before processing it and sharing the necessary insights with OT professionals and other internal and external stakeholders to maximize IIoT project return on investment (ROI).

By Integrating OT Plant Data with IT Systems such as ERP, WMS, and other third-party IT suites, whether on-premises or in the cloud, there would be clear shop floor data visibility by integrating Computerized Maintenance Management Systems (CMMS) with a SCADA system, Cloud/Edge-based Remote Monitoring Solutions with these operations.

The next point to mention is that AI (Artificial Intelligence) brings flexibility to adapt various technologies that enable software and machines to perceive, comprehend, act, and learn independently or to augment human operations.

Industrial production can be more convenient than manual processes by incorporating artificial intelligence. These technologies offer vast potential for manufacturing companies to work even faster and more flexibly, which helps achieve the best possible quality while cutting down on the resources used and driving greater production efficiencies.

2. Selecting The Right Use Case for Your Need

When a new technology is introduced, the scope and significance of its advantages are usually unclear until after it is put to use. Early IIoT adopters and digital transformation pioneers served as role models for other sectors who were always interested in exploring the new avenues offered by emerging technologies. It takes a particular vision to apply use cases to a different business, but it eliminates the risk of buying on trust.

Use cases are just the beginning, and the idea is to learn about what others have done or are doing and seek techniques to make the outcomes they’re getting relevant to your business. The first approach is to understand why the company is still attempting to figure out its IIoT strategy and needs to build a list of problem statements planning to resolve. The next step is to look to peer companies, research analysts, and solution providers’ case studies to understand digital transformation use cases, entry points, techniques, and rewards. Start with a PoC having low resources, low effort, and high impact; when the results are visible, start implementing use case simultaneously following the same strategy.

Few use cases offered by Affine for different functions:

3. Identifying the skill gap, filling it with right skillsets

Organizations are recognizing IoT in the paradigm of a highly autonomous production line to envision all of the skills that are required to implement Industry 4.0. It could comprise additive manufacturing techniques, CNC lathes, and newer machines capable of executing highly variable, multi-step processes with the help of robotic vision, artificial intelligence, and cobots that work alongside humans. We now have a technology landscape that requires multiple skill sets and the blending of those skills to cut across silos and unique skills to create entirely new categories of technology professionals—those who understand the convergence of operational and information technologies.

Now is the time to think cross-discipline or multi-discipline. People claim the Internet of Things is about digitizing things when they talk about them. It’s all about digitizing business processes. As a result, engineers, network specialists, application developers, prominent data architects, UI [user interface] designers, and businesspeople must communicate and comprehend each other. Industry 4.0 will necessitate the organization of multidisciplinary teams to solve complex challenges. Of course, specialists will be required, but they will also need to broaden their knowledge to cover other IT technologies like cloud, AI, analytics, and operational technologies such as robotics and process automation that keep factories and assembly lines operating. To do so, train the people, develop continuous learning programs as a regular practice, hire people with good knowledge who are needed to bridge the gap, and have new people on board to help cross-learn and motivate the team. This is to unlock their potential to create a sustainable workplace.

4. Change Your Vision and Transform Your Company Culture

The force behind the “Digital Transformation” has become an extensive expression used across several industries and contexts to describe the process through which a company adopts and implements digital solutions that benefit its activities. It is crucial to notice the narrative around digital transformation as it enables a cultural shift in the company. Remarkably, how often do we discuss culture as a consequence of an event rather than as the driving force behind it?  This approach may still be missing in some essential aspects.

The advantage of a digital tool, no matter how good it is or what benefits it offers, will be lost if the company is not prepared to handle it. The project’s true potential is hidden, resources are wasted, and it is on the brink of failure. Aligning business with right operational practices denote the company culture, key factors that facilitate digital transformation approach to drive cultural change, and shop floor employees’ engagement with the vision and road map makes it simple. This transparent process guides CDOs and digital leaders. As organizations prepare for and impose digital transformations, it is crucial to promote a culture where everybody is tech-savvy, and security is everyone’s consideration.

5. Finding the Right Partners/Vendors

Plan the scope of your business and align your goals with the company’s general strategy by selecting that the right vendor/partner for implementing the IR 4.0 applications plays a pivotal role. Start with pilot projects, validate results, and systematize the learning mechanisms initially to understand the scope aligned with your requirements. To achieve this, model projects and “best practices” should be promoted and invest in a digital learning technique.

Whether they recognize it or not, most production managers today are already in a race. It’s a culture to adapt and implement new manufacturing systems and technologies; as we all know, integration and collaboration are at the core of Industry 4.0. Create a strategy before embarking on a long journey without a map, and you should do the same with Industry 4.0 adoption. This is a crucial step in the procedure. Once you’ve determined your desired maturity level, you’ll need to create a thorough implementation strategy to assist you in achieving your objectives.

A potential and effective partner will monitor your current functioning, detect traps, comprehend obstacles, and provide a healthy way to proceed or a new course of action. Ultimately, this will solve your existing challenges and assist you in generating new value from them. In the usual approach, they should give you a road plan for pushing your business to the next level. And they should let you comprehend it in a logical fashion without a slew of technical jargon.


Manufacturers and the manufacturing industry as a whole are seeking direction as we approach 2022, not least due to the ongoing global COVID-19 pandemic. However, the last few years have given us much learning that signifies resilience, innovation, and the sector’s ability to persevere in the face of adversity.

There are numerous opportunities for all industrial sectors, ranging from acquiring fresh talent to exploiting data more effectively to contribute to a more sustainable world. Smart Manufacturing and Industry 4.0 solutions and efforts will always be vital in manufacturing and many other sectors.

Are you looking to know how your industry will change in the era of Industry 4.0 and want to be a winner in this new world? Listen to our industry leaders and experts and ask your questions at our virtual event on “Demystifying Industry 4.0”. Our speakers are sharing real-life use cases and insights into opportunities that are driving their growth and success with Industry 4.0. Go ahead, Register Now – this is going to be a great event!

Stay tuned for more information!

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